Post written by Shashideep Singhal, MD, FASGE, from the Gastrointestinal Care Consultants, Houston, Texas, USA.
Walled-off necrosis (WON) develops as a sequel to acute pancreatitis. Approximately 15% of patients with acute pancreatitis can experience WON. EUS-guided transmural drainage of WON has been a safe, efficacious, and widely used therapeutic modality in recent times. The lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) is a novel self-expanding covered metal stent designed for enteric drainage of large pseudocysts and necrosectomy of WON. Adverse events associated with LAMS placement include bleeding, infection, migration, and dislodgement during necrosectomy. Dislodgement of the LAMS can happen during the performance of necrosectomy despite its anchoring design. We present such a case of accidental LAMS migration that occurred during a necrosectomy procedure.
A 48-year-old woman presented with 1 day of epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. The initial CT of the abdomen revealed necrotizing pancreatitis involving 33% of the pancreas. An EGD was performed after 4 weeks for placement of a 15-mm × 10-mm LAMS under EUS guidance. A 7F × 5-cm double-pigtail stent was placed within the LAMS to maintain patency. Five days after the initial cystogastrostomy, an EGD was performed for necrosectomy. During the necrosectomy, the LAMS was dislodged accidentally. After the stent was dislodged, the cystogastrostomy site was dilated, and further necrosectomy was performed with ease because of the larger open cystogastrostomy site. The stent was removed, and the end of the stent was engaged with the snare and pulled into the therapeutic endoscope channel. Next, the stent was deployed under direct visualization with the distal end in the WON through the cystogastrostomy and the proximal end into the stomach. We also placed a 10F × 5-cm double-pigtail stent through the LAMS to secure its position and prevent food impaction.
This technique provides a cost-effective solution to accidental LAMS migration during necrosectomy. Removal of the LAMS to facilitate necrosectomy can be done routinely with replacement after the procedure if necessary.
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